Hanoi, the capital of Vietnam, is known for its centuries-old architecture and a rich culture with Southeast Asian, Chinese and French influences. At its heart is the chaotic Old Quarter, where the narrow streets are roughly arranged by trade. There are many little temples, including Ngoc son temple, plus Đồng Xuân Market, selling household goods and street food.
Hỏa Lò Prison
Hỏa Lò Prison was a prison used by the French colonists in French Indochina for political prisoners, and later by North Vietnam for U.S. prisoners of war during the Vietnam War (which in Vietnam is called the American War). The prison was demolished during the 1990s, although the gatehouse remains as a museum.
Temple of Literature
The Temple of Literature (Văn Miếu) is a temple dedicated to Confucius in Hanoi, northern Vietnam. The temple also hosts the Imperial Academy, Vietnam’s first national university. The temple was built in 1070 at the time of Emperor Lý Thánh Tông. It is one of several temples in Vietnam which is dedicated to Confucius, sages and scholars.
Ngoc Son Temple
The Ngoc Son Temple is peaceful and quiet on a picturesque island in Hoan Kiem lake, near the center of Hanoi. It’s a place to get away from the bustle of the city. The island on which the temple was built, is known as the Jade Island. is located on the lake and gives some lovely views across the area.
Thang Long old City
The Imperial Citadel of Thang Long (old city), is an intriguing relic of Vietnam’s history In mid-1945 the Citadel was used by the Imperial Japanese Army to imprison over 4000 French colonial soldiers and, signifying its historical and cultural importance, was made a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 2010.
Vietnam Military History Museum
The Vietnam Military History Museum, set up on 17 July 1956, is one of seven national museums in Vietnam. It covers 12,800 m2.
The museum consists of various buildings. Eras of Vietnamese military history are showcased in different buildings on the complex. The museum also includes a display of decommissioned, captured or destroyed military equipment and vehicles used by French, Viet Minh, North Vietnam, South Vietnam and the United States during the First and Second Indochina Wars.
Thang Long Water Puppet Theater
The world-famous Thang Long Water Puppet Theatre in Hanoi has its roots in an art form that dates back to the 11th century. This tradition is unique to North Vietnam but has recently found fame on stages all over the world; so it’s a rare treat to see the puppets perform in their original location at the Thang Long Water Puppet Theatre. Performances are accompanied by a Vietnamese orchestra playing traditional music using drums, wooden bells, horns, bamboo flutes and cymbals.
Đồng Xuân Market
From October 2004, the street in front of Đồng Xuân Market, which is also named Đồng Xuân street, is made pedestrian street on every Friday, Saturday and Sunday evenings so that they can expand the scope of Dong Xuan night market, where thousands of small items can be found at a nice price. Besides the commercial activities, Đồng Xuân Market is also a frequent destination of tourists during their visit in Hanoi, where they can find gifts or souvenirs for themselves or their family or friends.